On Garrison Duty at Fort Pickering, Memphis
(July 22 - December 22, 1862)

Memphis waterfront
Click on photo to visit CivilWarAlbum.com's tour of the site

[Upon reaching Memphis the 48th was encamped in a Peach Orchard just south of the city near Ft. Pickering. They spent five months here drilling, strengthening the defenses of the fort, acting as a garrison guard, as prison guards and as Provost Guard (The military Police of the Civil War). Adjutant McGill, Lieut. Posegate and ten sergeants were sent back to Ohio to recruit and replenish the ranks while the initial soldiers of the 48th, now veterans of Shiloh, Corinth and the march to Memphis, received replacements for their threadbare uniforms, arms and ordinance. The uniforms were an improvement. However, the 123 unrifled Prussian muskets Hussey mentions were not desirable both because they were an obsolete smooth-bore weapon that dated from the Napoleonic Wars and because they differed from the rifled Austrian Muskets already in use by the Regiment. Two kinds of firearms within the regiment would have complicated both supply and training of the troops.

Detail from: "New map of Kentucky and Tennessee"
Published by Campbell & Barlow No. 509 Main St., Louisville, Ky, 1861.
Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

(Click on map to view close-up of Fort Pickering)

Both Hussey and the Regimental History note a massive buildup of troops occurring as Memphis served as a staging area for the Vicksburg Campaign. On November 26, 1862 Sherman moved into the field to join Grant's Army near Holly Springs. Col. Sullivan was left in command of Fort Pickering and Cyrus Hussey served as Garrison Adjutant. Col. Sullivan may have requested this because of his still unhealed wounds. Cyrus Hussey states "48th left in disgrace on account of its Col." This campaign would bog down in the muddy roads of Mississippi and Sherman would return to Memphis and board steam boats that Grant had ordered for his move to Vicksburg which would include the 48th in a new Brigade under Col. Landrum of the 19th Kentucky. [See Stanley P. Hirshson, The White Tecumseh, Wiley, 1997, p. 129&136-137 for the general background.

View of the Mississippi from Fort Pickering
Click on photo to to view panorama

Indian Mounds in Desoto Park on the site of Fort Pickering
Click on photo to to view panorama

Virgil Moats' letters begin in this section. First he reported Co. F news to his wife Eliza, including Henry Doud's attempt on his brothers life. Moats was a practical, likeable and able man who had befriended Col. Sullivan, and apparently General Asboth, with whom he seems to have worked in the role of Garrison Adjutant from December 5-20, 1862 while at Fort Pickering.

Cyrus Hussey was an organized efficient, man and an excellent copiest. As a result he was placed in a position to have privileged information. In his role as acting adjutant he served as Col. Sullivan's administrative assistant. When Sullivan, a lawyer, served on the Court of Inquiry, Cyrus Hussey served as court clerk. Although he served Col. Sullivan as adjutant, he was a confidant and supporter of Col. Sullivan's adversary, Lieut. Col. Parker, and it was Cyrus Hussey who served as copyist for Parker's charges against Sullivan. One of these charges was that Sullivan altered rolls, so it is significant that on August 30, 1862 Hussey's diary has the entry "Making out rolls. Col. Sullivan took the Muster in roll & Muster Roll for Friday, Feb 28th from Adjt's office." Lieut. Hussey's removal as acting adjutant likely involves the Parker-Sullivan conflict. Hussey records a number of disputes between the two men, always with a bias in favor of Lieut. Col. Parker. Parker had been in command of the regiment since June 9, 1862 after he was ordered back to command from his sick leave by Gen. Sherman. An animosity between the two top field officers of the 48th that had existed for some time broke into open conflict in front of the men during the first battalion drill upon the return of Col. Sullivan to Memphis from his sick leave. "Sullivan tried to take command of dress darade after Parker had taken his position". The situation deteriorated from there with each of these men making formal charges against the other. Sullivan appeared before a Court of Inquiry and Parker was court martialed but no charges stick in either case and the two officers were left to work with each other. The impasse was ended temporarily when Col. Sullivan took leave and Lieut. Col. Parker volunteered the 48th for duty in Sherman's wing of the Army of Tennessee as it moved on Chaicasaw Bluff near Vicksburg. For a time Parker was in Command and Col. Sullivan was left behind. For a more complete treatment of this see "The War Between the Colonels"]

Ammunition vault in the side of an indian mound in Desoto Park,
site of Fort Pickering, Memphis, Tennessee





Memphis is a handsome city, built on a high bluff, 420 miles below St. Louis. It had a population of 20,000 before the war, and was the center of a vast trade. Gen. Jackson's equestrian statue is in a beautiful park, in the heart of the city, but the rebels had obliterated the inscription, "The Union must and shall be preserved." Shortly after arriving here, Dr. Boon, Hospital Steward, was discharged, and Jos. A. Gravatt appointed in his place.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

July 22, 1862

Tuesday 22nd
Finished and Mailed letter to my wife & wrote for my clothes and trunk. Encamped in a nice orchard.
Cyrus Hussey

July 23, 1862

Wednesday 23rd
Went to the city & bought Pants, shirts, collars, algebra, knife, etc. Returned at noon quite unwell & ate nothing. My throat quite sore. Head ache & fever. Took a bath by order of surgeon Quinly.
Riot in camp army among the drunken German Artillerists. The 48th was called out to quell it & succeeded without firing.
Received a letter from Isaac dated July 17/62.
My wife well.
Cyrus Hussey

July 24, 1862

Thursday 24th
Some better but my throat still sore. Received a letter from my wife dated 18th inst.
Wallace's Division went down the river. [Helena, Ark to support Gen. Curtis]
Cyrus Hussey

July 25, 1862

Friday 25th
Nothing new. The regiment received some new clothing but not enough for all. Went to city.
Cyrus Hussey

July 26, 1862

Saturday 26th
In camp all day. Nothing new. Commenced a letter to my wife.
Cyrus Hussey

July 27, 1862

Sunday 27th
Finished letter to my wife. In camp all day.
Cyrus Hussey

July 28, 1862

Monday 28th
In camp all day. Nothing new occurred.
Cyrus Hussey

July 29, 1862

Tuesday 29th
Went to the city [Memphis] & got my boots which had been making at Mr. Apps. $10.00. Purchased [officer's] straps for my blouse $2.00.
Cyrus Hussey

July 30, 1862

Wednesday 30th
Not very well -- diarrhea. Recd a letter from My Wife dated 22nd inst. Oh how pleasant it is to peruse these messages of love from my Dear cottage home! Much excitement at home.
E. K. Starr deserted.
Cyrus Hussey

July 31, 1862

Thursday 31st
Quite unwell. Very bad diarrhea. Got medicine from Dr. Quimley. Col. Sullivan arrived Rolls signed for pay. Commenced letter to my wife. Capt. Frazee [Co. C] came with Col.
Cyrus Hussey

August 1, 1862

August 1st, Col. Sullivan, with a large number of officers and soldiers, who bad been home on sick-leave, returned for duty, which made the Regiment look like its former self again.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Friday August 1st
Battalion Drill by [Lt. Col.] Parker. Finished, mailed letter to my wife. Col. Sullivan tried to take command of Dress Parade after Parker had taken his position.
Cyrus Hussey

August 2, 1862

On the 2d, the Paymaster arrived, and paid us two months pay. It came when it was most needed and was highly appreciated.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Saturday Aug. 2nd
The Regiment was paid off by Maj. Mathews.
Paid LaFayette [Hussey's servant?] up to date & Q. M. a/cs [accounts] in full.
Cyrus Hussey

August 3, 1862

Sunday 3rd
Inspection at 9:00 A.M. Bathed in the Mississippi.
Cyrus Hussey

August 4, 1862

Monday 4th
Sent $110.00 Dollars to My Wife. by G. W. Williams State Agent.
Parker wrote charges against Sullivan.
Kain's [Lt. Kean, Co. G?] Court Martial sitting.
Commenced a letter to My Wife.
Copied Parker Charges.
J.[Jonathan L.] Sanders joined the Co.[A. (This must be a return from leave)]
Bob [McGill, Adjutant] & Frank [Posegate, Co. A] with ten non-com'd officers to go recruiting.
Cyrus Hussey

August 5, 1862

Tuesday 5th
Went to the City & bought provisions. Had a tooth filled.
Copied Parker's charges against Sullivan.
Furnished letter to my Wife. No mail.
Cyrus Hussey

August 6, 1862

Wednesday 6th
Went to City & purchases pen & case. Returned to Camp.
Cyrus Hussey

August 7, 1862

Thursday 7th
Weather very warm. On fatigue at wharf with 20 men loading Q.M. [Quarter Master] Stores.
Cyrus Hussey

August 8, 1862

Friday 8th
Went to the City with Jont. Sanders to get his money [back pay]. Paymaster not in. Reunited in the A. M. Rec. letter from Rebecca [Hussey's wife] & commenced answer. Finished my letter.
Cyrus Hussey

August 9, 1862

Saturday 9th
Went in Command of Company A with Companies B & D also under Command of Lt. J.[Joshua] Hussey Co. D, 20 Miles below Memphis on the Arkansas side to get cane for fort. 200 negros went along to cut & load cane while we stood guard. [I am] Not very well. River boat Shoved off for return at Sundown & arrives 11:30 P.M.
Cyrus Hussey

August 10, 1862

Sunday 10th
Drew some clothing & Camp & Garrison Equipage & issues to Co. Very Warm Day. Dress parade for Sunset.
Cyrus Hussey

August 11, 1862

Monday 11th
Officer of Reg't Guard. Battalion Drill at 6:00 A.M. Recd a letter from my Wife dated 3rd & 4th inst. Commenced a letter to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

August 12, 1862

Tuesday 12th 1862
Battalion Drill in the A. M. Col. S.[Sullivan] a perfect ass in Drill. Went to City- Trunk not there. Co.-Skirmish-Drill in the P.M. Dress Parade. wrote to Silas Dive M.D. Finished letter to My Wife- but left unsealed, Mailed letter.
Cyrus Hussey

August 13, 1862

Wednesday 13th 1862
Took LaFayette [Hussey's servant?] to Boat the Lady Pike. Got him Hat, Coat, & Pass. Co. & Battalion Drill.
Cyrus Hussey

August 14, 1862

Thursday 14th
Battalion drill. News of a big fight between Banks & Pope and Jackson. Our forces victorious. [The "big fight" is the campaign leading up to 2nd Manassas. The battle itself took place on August 29-30. However, at this date Lieutenant Hussey would be talking about Cedar Mountain, which was actually a Confederate victory. At this time that fact could have been subject to interpretation.]
Went to City but my trunk had not arrived.
Cyrus Hussey

August 15, 1862

Friday 15th
Battalion drill in the P.M. Capt. Frazee [Co. C] Com'g. Col. Sullivan on Genl. Court Martial [Probably as a judge]. Parker quite sick.
Cyrus Hussey

August 16, 1862

Saturday 16th
Battalion Drill by Col. Sullivan. Went to City. My Trunk not come. Recd letter from My Wife dated Aug. 10th in which she states that she forwarded my trunk on the 11th inst. Commenced a letter to My Wife. Bob [McGill, Adjutant] & I in City. Jovial time at Major's [Wise] tent & detail.
Cyrus Hussey

August 17, 1862

Sunday 17th
On Brigade Guard. Jno Kain [Lt. Kean, Co. G?] put in Guard house. Frank [Posegate] & Bob [McGill] to start [on recruiting trip] tomorrow.
Cyrus Hussey

August 18, 1862

Monday 18th
Adj [Robert McGill] & Lt. Posegate left for Cin[cinna]ti. My self appointed Ajt. Pro. Temp. [acting adjutant] Regimental Muster at by Lt. Williamson [72nd OVI]. My trunk & clothes came in the evening. Review by Col. [Sullivan]
[Regimental History date differs. "Sept. 2d, Adjutant McGill and Lieut. Posegate were sent to Ohio, with a recruiting party, consisting of one sergeant from each company." ]

Cyrus Hussey

August 19, 1862

Tuesday 19th
Review at 5:00 A.M. by Col. for practice. Recd letter from My Wife dated 12th & 13th inst. Finished letter to My Wife. Sent one, 7 pages.
Cyrus Hussey

August 20, 1862

Wednesday 20th
Brigade Review. Col. S.[Sullivan] made an ass of himself.
Cyrus Hussey

August 21, 1862

Thursday 21st
[Lt.] Col. Parker's trial to come off in this A.M. but put off on account of his illness. Col. S.[Sullivan] withdrew his charges against Parker. Geo. Byers Co. B, buried with Military honor [See Honor Roll]. Made requisition for one adjutant's field desk.
Cyrus Hussey

August 22, 1862

Thursday 22nd
Battalion & Co. Drill. Dr. Carey [Surgeon of the 48th OVI] arrived and reported for duty. [Lt.] Col. Parker worse. Commenced letter to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

August 23, 1862

Saturday 23rd
Battalion Drill twice. Order to have 200 rounds of ammunition per man. Made Requisition for 35000 rounds. Finished letter to my wife.
Cyrus Hussey

August 24, 1862

Sunday 24th
Preaching in the A.M. by Chaplain of the 53rd & at night by the Q.M. same. Made a requisition for 65 Austrian Rifles re. as per estimate on file.
Cyrus Hussey

August 25, 1862

Monday 25th
Went to Sherman's Qrs. after requisitions for Ordinance & Ordinance Stores but he ([Maj.] Hammand [Gen. Sherman's adjutant]) said the Genl. would not sign them until all came in. 58 absentees joined the regiment. Recd a pair of Pants, Handkerchief, Shirt, My Wife's Miniature [portrait] blessed treasure-&c. from home. Wrote to My Wife. My feeling &c.
Cyrus Hussey

August 26, 1862

Tuesday 26th
Working on Ordinance Return. Battalion & Co. Drill. Sullivan Examined by board. I think he came out 5 officers minus. ["five officers" is written vertically along the side of the page as if it should be placed in the text as shown] Made Req. for 58 Rifles & Equipment & Books.
Cyrus Hussey

August 27, 1862

Wednesday 27th
Battalion Drill. Col. Parker better. Sullivan sent in his resignation. He has been trying to get written statements from some officers concerning Parker & himself. Drew in Ajt. Genl for Tactics &c.
Recd letter from my wife about this date (18th or 19th)
Cyrus Hussey

August 28, 1862

Thursday 28th
Battalion Drill. Finished Regt Ordnance Report for 1st & 2nd Qrs. 1862. Recd letter from old pupil Phebe Jane Thornburg by the hand of Ash. Frazier [Co. A].
Made requisitions for 3 Clothing Books & 3 order books for Cos. & left it at Sherman's. Forwarded Ordnance Report to Chief of Ordnance.
Cyrus Hussey

August 29, 1862

Friday 29th
Busy arranging papers. Commenced a letter to my Wife. [Lt.] Col. P.[Parker] went up to the city P.M.
Cyrus Hussey

August 30, 1862

Saturday 30th
Making out rolls. Col. Sullivan took the Muster in roll & Muster Roll for Friday, Feb 28th from Adjt's office.
Cyrus Hussey

August 31, 1862

Sunday 31st 1862
Mustered by Lt. Milt T. Williamson 72nd O.V.I. [Sergt. Major] Chas. Parker marked deserter on FTS. Roll.
Cyrus Hussey

September 1, 1862

Monday 1st Sept. 1862
Recd a letter from my wife. dated Aug. 24th 1862.
Cyrus Hussey

September 2, 1862

Tuesday Sept. 2nd 1862
Wrote letter to Serg't Dillon [Co. A] concerning his conduct & absence. Serg't McGaffery [Michael McCaffrey] & others (six) of the recruiting squad started on Ohio Bell 5:00 P.M. Frank Kingsley [Co. H] not sent. Recd letter from Mr. Morgan, Samantha Ohio Concerning the settlement of David Morgan's accounts with U.S [Pvt. David Morgan of Co. A died at Shiloh].
Cyrus Hussey

September 3, 1862

....Major Wise resigned.

Wednesday 3rd
Still in same camp. Ed Conkling [Co. B] sick. Compared the rolls of the regiment.
Cyrus Hussey

September 4, 1862

On the 4th, the Regiment was ordered on provost-guard duty in Memphis, companies C, H and G being stationed at the military prison in Irving Block. It contained one hundred rebel prisoners and a number of disorderly Union soldiers. Our duties were very severe, as we had to be on guard every alternate six hours, both day and night.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Thursday 4th
Made out Morning report. Marched to Memphis to go in Provost Guard at 10:00 A.M. Col. S.[Sullivan] Made a grand ass of himself: & a worse one at night. In M&C Depot [Memphis & Charleston Railroad Depot].
Cyrus Hussey

September 5, 1862

Friday 5th 1862
Making out Monthly reports for Companies. [Gen. Stephen A.] Hurlbut's Division moves to Bolivar tomorrow.
Cyrus Hussey

September 6, 1862

Saturday 6th
Had Sergt. Wm Stewart [Co. K] arrested & sent to Military prison for drunkenness &c. Recd a letter from my wife of Aug. 29th
Cyrus Hussey

September 7, 1862

The Memphis Argus, of Sept. 7th, contained the following: "Cincinnati, Ohio, has surrendered to Gen. Kirby Smith." This was startling news to our Regiment. Out of the ten companies, one was raised in the city, and seven within a circle of sixty miles. Our only consolation was that it might turn out to be a false report, which fortunately proved to be true, as it was contradicted in the same paper a few days later.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Sunday 7th
Finished a letter to My Wife. Quite unwell. Sent My miniature [portrait], some orders & paper to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

September 8, 1862

Sept. 8th, Lieut. John Kean [Co. G] was discharged for disability. [Hussey differs see Aug. 4, Aug. 17 and Sept. 21.]
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Monday 8th
Hat Store burned up near the Gayose House. Wrote to William Morgan Concerning David's &c. Wrote to Benj. Conard concerning Mrs. Bolico's[?] Pension. Recd letter from My Wife dated July 13, 1862. My health some better.
Cyrus Hussey

September 9, 1862

Tuesday 9th
My health improving. Col. Sent Frank Kingsley off [to join recruiting squad].
Cyrus Hussey

September 10, 1862

Wednesday 10th
News that Rebels are going to attack us. I think it all humbug.
Cyrus Hussey

September 11, 1862

On the 11th, the rebel prisoners were sent to Vicksburg for exchange, and we returned to our camp in Fort Pickering. Before leaving, they were all furnished with new rebel uniforms by their friends.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Thursday 11th
Relieved from Provost Guard by 6th Iowa. The Argus gave the 48th a nice "puff". Drew Ordnance & Ordnance Stores. 123 Prussian Muskets Cal. 69.
Cyrus Hussey

September 12, 1862

Friday 12th
Issued Ordnance to Companies. Wrote short letter to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

September 13, 1862

Saturday, 13th
Reviewed by Gen. Sherman. Everything satisfactory. Received a letter from my wife dated 5th & 8th inst. Her health is better.
We are looking for an attack soon. Every thing will be in order soon. Wrote short letter to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

September 14, 1862

Sunday 14th
Attended Church twice. Nothing new.
Cyrus Hussey

September 15, 1862

Monday 15th
Relieved from the position of Act. Ajt. by Col. Sullivan, [Lt.] Col. Parker visited camp. Lt. Wilson [Co. H] act. Ajt.
Cyrus Hussey

September 16, 1862

Tuesday 16th
Off[icer]. Reg. Guard. Heard of Rebels at Hamands.
Cyrus Hussey

September 17, 1862

Wednesday 17.
100 men went with Contrabands after cane. ["Contrabands" was a term commonly used during the Civil War to describe black people who came into the Federal lines before the Emancipation Proclamation. The word "contraband" means any materiel that supports the enemy's war effort - be it food, clothing, ships, or, in this case, slaves. Under this definition the Federal Army did not have to return the slaves to their owners.]
Wrote to My Wife. Hard rain at night. Sent 21 papers to My Wife. Rather unwell at night.
Cyrus Hussey

September 18, 1862

Thursday 18.
Went to City. Got desk, Provisions &c. Went to Clk [be the court recorder] at Court of Inquiry.
Cyrus Hussey

September 19, 1862

Friday 19.
Not in good health. Recording Proceedings of Court, Wrote Short letter to my wife asking her to come here.
Cyrus Hussey

September 20, 1862

On the 20th, the Regiment was sent twenty miles down the river, on a boat, to guard one hundred contrabands, while cutting and loading cane, which grew in abundance in the river bottoms, and was used by us in constructing fortifications.
Toward the latter part of the month, the duty of the Regiment became very laborious. Large details were made daily, to cut down all the timber within one mile of the fort, and to demolish all buildings within a half mile, in addition to regimental and brigade guards.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Saturday 20.
Health no better. At Court of Inquiry. Recd a letter from My Wife. dated Sept. 11, 1862.
Cyrus Hussey

September 21, 1862

Sunday 21.
Still unwell. Had Inspection. Recd letter from Chas. Dillon.
Good News from the East. [September 1862 -- Harper's Ferry.
Union General McClellan defeated Confederate General Lee at South Mountain and Crampton's Gap in September, but did not move quickly enough to save Harper's Ferry, which fell to Confederate General Jackson on September 15, along with a great number of men and a large body of supplies.]

Maj. Wise Made a few remarks on dress parade. The Col. made no answer. Lt. Kean [Co. G] Cashiered.
Cyrus Hussey

Virgil Motes to wife Eliza

Sunday Morning 9 am
We all feel good over the news of McClelland's success in Maryland, "The Traitor" as the Abolitionists and his enemies call him. I guess he will now shut their unholy mouths & maybe he will have some chance from this on of being let alone, & if so this war will soon be brought to a close. Our boys are on their high horse & you can hear all over camps hurrah for Little Mack, He's the chap, etc., etc. Indeed we do feel good & I rather guess you folks at home feel well also. Now you had better be into peach & other fruit-bearings pretty strongly as I'll want considerable of such articles for filling up when I get home. It will take no small amount to fill us up again. I do think this thing must close out soon. They certainly can't stand many more such wippings as Mack has given them of late, but don't look for us too soon. We will be there as soon as possible.
….We have been living on sweet potatoes for some-time past - plenty of fruit, mellons, etc.Percimmons, grapes & nuts in abundence, but yet living is high.
Yours V. H. M.
Virgil Motes

September 22, 1862

Sept. 22d, Capt. Frazee took command of one hundred and fifty men of the Regiment, and went up the Mississippi river on a steamer to Randolph, to reinforce a regiment of cavalry that had left Memphis a week previous, on a raid. We disembarked and remained all night. During the evening the cavalry made their appearance. The next day we returned with the cavalry to Memphis.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Monday 22
At Court Inquiry. Maj. Wise gave Sullivan "Thunder". Commenced a letter to my Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

September 23, 1862

Tuesday 23rd
Finished letter to my wife & urged her strongly to come to Memphis. At Court of Inquiry.
Cyrus Hussey

September 24, 1862

Wednesday 24th
At Court Inquiry. Went to City. Mail came but no letter for me - O. why should I not have one? Sent paper to my wife. Atril[lery]. prac. cannonade.
Cyrus Hussey

September 24, 1862

Wednesday 24th
At Court Inquiry. Went to City. Mail came but no letter for me - O. why should I not have one? Sent paper to my wife. Atril[lery]. prac. cannonade.
Cyrus Hussey

September 25, 1862

Thursday 25th
At Court Inquiry. Went to Memphis & got blanks for Court.
Cyrus Hussey

September 26, 1862

Friday 26th
At Court Inquiry. No word from home. Wrote a letter to Isaac & a note to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

September 27, 1862

Saturday 27th
At Court Inquiry. Recd a letter from My Wife dated Sept 20, 21.
Cyrus Hussey

September 28, 1862

Sunday 28th
Not quite so well. Wrote a letter to My Wife. [Lt. Col.] Parker talking of resigning.
Cyrus Hussey

September 29, 1862

Monday 29th
At Court Inquiry. Not so well as usual.
Cyrus Hussey

September 30, 1862

Tuesday 30th
At Court Inquiry. [Lt.] Col. Parker ret[urned]. to Reg. 29th. Recd a letter from My Wife dated Sept. 23rd 1862. Answered My Wife's letter - writing about Frank's [Lt. Frank Posegate's] advise urging her to come and see me. Not so well. Took dose oil.
Cyrus Hussey

October 1, 1862

When the weather got cooler, in October, our brigade and division drills occurred more frequently, including a "grand review " every Wednesday.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Wednesday Oct. 1. 1862.
12:00 Midnight - just finished letter to My Wife Commenced yesterday evening. Sent My Wife's old letters home - No only put them up to send. Reviewed by Gen. Sherman.
Cyrus Hussey

October 2, 1862

Thursday Oct 2nd
At Court Inquiry. Peace Commissions. [Research of this term has been unsuccessful, however it may be a military commission charged with keeping the peace in an area under martial law such as Memphis was during this period.]
Cyrus Hussey

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

Memphis, Tenn.
Oct. 2, 1862
Dear Eliza
I am well and hope you and all are the same. I thought best tp write you a few lines to let you know I am getting along and to inquire after your family. No letter from you since the one dated Sept. 7th. Can't tell why I don't get letters. Others have been getting letters yesterday and today up to as late as Sept. 25 less than a week. Are you are any of the rest sick that you don't write or what is the matter. I can have the blues the worst kind about it can't content myself at anything just thinking of you. Is father sick yet.
We have had some trouble in our company. Henry Doud went crazy and with all our watching not considering him dangerous nor noticing anything vicious, we had not tied him. Monday morning he caught hold of a gun & ran the bayonet into his brother, Ed, who was lying down on his bunk close by watching him. He done it so quick that none could prevent it although several stood by. The bayonet went through the right arm above the elbow and bone and into his brest. Supposed at the time to have penetrated his lung, but now such is not supposed to have been the case, as preathing or talking is not interfeared with. The wound was a very serious one & was at the time thought fatal, but now we have no fears of his case, as he rests well and talks freely as usual. Henery has been failing ever since, he is very poorly. We expect to start him for Dayton this day. I feel bad at the occurrence, but all in our power was done to prevent such a catastrophe. They have always been good boys and I hate to loose them from the company, but such are some of the casualties of this desperate war. I know no particular cause of Henry's derangement. All he says now is in reference to Jeff. Davis and Lincoln's proclamation which he appears opposed to.
Our boys pay good attention to them & stays with them night and day. [Serg.] John R. [Richardson] is now asleep having been up with Ed all night. [The Official Roster states that Edward Doud (Co. F) was discharged 10/1/62 at Memphis on a surgeon's certificate of disability; Sergeant William H. {Henry?} Doud (Co. F) is listed as being discharged 10/21/62 at Memphis, on a surgeon's certificate of disability.]
Most of our boys are well. None in the Hospital but Douds.
I guess I have written about all for this time.

In my last I sent Dud a speech. If you got it tell me how he makes it go. I made a mistake. It should be, The butcher killed a calf, and that's half, & so on. (I left out- "and that's half.")
Love to all.
No more for this time.
Good Bye V. H. M.
Virgil Moats 10/2/62

October 3, 1862

Friday. Oct 3rd
At Court Inquiry.
Cyrus Hussey

October 3, 1862

Friday. Oct 3rd
At Court Inquiry.
Cyrus Hussey

October 4, 1862

Saturday 4th
At Court Inquiry. Wrote to My Wife about Sister Phebe & coming.
Cyrus Hussey

October 5, 1862

Sunday 5th
At Court Inquiry. No Mail. Went to Church on Main St. Memphis. Wrote to Phebe J. Thornburg.
Cyrus Hussey

October 6, 1862

Monday 6th
Court Inquiry adj. Writing for it. Rec. a discouraging letter from My Wife Dated Sept. 30, 31.
Cyrus Hussey

October 7, 1862

Tuesday 7th
At Court of Inquiry.
Cyrus Hussey

October 8-10, 1862

Wed, Th & Fri. 8th 9th & 10th
Writing at Court of Inquiry. Expecting My Wife after Thursday P.M. but she did not come. I am afraid she will not come.
Cyrus Hussey

October 11, 1862

Saturday 11th
Last night heavy cold rain. Could not keep warm. Cloudy & cold this morning. At Court Inquiry. Wife not Coming till next week O. Finished at cases at court 200 in No.
Cyrus Hussey

October 12, 1862

Sunday 12th
Attended service at the Methodist Church. 2nd St.
Cyrus Hussey

October 13, 1862

Monday 13th
At Court of Inquiry. 11 cases. Recd letter from My Wife dated Oct. 7, 1862. She will start here today.
Cyrus Hussey

October 14, 1862

Tuesday 14th
At Court of Inquiry. 11 cases.
Cyrus Hussey

October 15, 1862

Wednesday 15th
At Court of Inquiry. 11 cases. Grand Review - 3rd Div. Deploy. Went to city for My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey

October 16, 1862

Thursday 16th
At Memphis all day. My Wife came on Continental. Stopped on Boat with her.
Cyrus Hussey

October 17, 1862

Oct. 17th, Lieut. Posegate and his recruiting party returned, with a number of new recruits for the Regiment. [See also Aug. 4, 17, 18, Oct. 18. Lieuts. McGill And Posegate seem to have made several recruiting trips to Ohio. Hussey's dates differ a bit but are in the right period. Posegate's military record indicates that he was absent recruiting Aug 15 through December by U. S. Grant's Special Order # 153. A letter from Capt. C. B. Howard, Office of Supt. Volunteer Recruiting Supt. Camp Dennison Oct. 21, 1862 states that "Capt. Posegate 48th Regiment O.V. I. In charge of five (5) recruits and recruiting party - consisting of three (3) Sergt will proceed to join his regiment at Memphis, Tenn."]
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Went to Mrs. Ketchum's to board.
At Court of Inquiry.
Cyrus Hussey

October 18-26, 1862

On the 18th, we enlarged our streets and prepared more comfortable quarters for the winter.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Friday 18th to Sun. 26th
On duty at Court of Inquiry except 25th. Border all time at Ketchum's. Made act. Ajt. On 26th. Recd letter from Isaac on 24th. Martha better.
Frank [Posegate] & Bob [McGill] to start 27th inst.
Cyrus Hussey

After the discharge of our cornet band at Shiloh, efforts were made to make our drum corps more efficient, but it was not successfully carried out until it was placed under the leadership of George McMahon, after arriving here. From that time forward, at intervals on a march and on entering towns and cities, the band struck up some patriotic air, which always elicited a hearty cheer from the Regiment.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

October 26-30, 1862

Sun. 26th to Thurs. 30th
Acting ajt. Went on Provost Guard 30th. Recd letter from Phebe J. Thornburg 30th.
Cyrus Hussey

October 30, 1862

Oct. 30 to Nov. 18th [Oct 30 to Nov. 8 is entered in a single block. We have separated it by date.]
Reg't Mustered by Williamson [72nd OVI] 31st.
Cyrus Hussey

November 1, 1862

On the 1st of November, the Regiment was ordered again on provost-guard. Companies B and C were stationed at the wharf, and guarded the Government stores. We occupied the Bradley Block, near the landing, for our quarters. During our stay the building took fire under the hearth, in the second story. The alarm was given, but before the engines arrived we had the fire under control.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

November 4, 1862

On the evening of the 4th, a strong guard was ordered out on patrol duty, in anticipation of a disturbance at the Warsham House. We patrolled the streets in that vicinity until midnight, but everything remained quiet; and after partaking of a free lunch at the hotel, and receiving tickets for breakfast, we returned to our quarters.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

November 6, 1862

...Relieved from Provost Guard Nov. 6th by 40th Ill.
Cyrus Hussey

November 7, 1862

On the 7th, the Regiment was relieved and we returned to camp. Troops, under the President's last call, were now arriving, ....
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

November 12, 1862

...Quit cool prior to 12th. Dry up to 12th-slight rain at night.
Cyrus Hussey

November 14, 1862

...Brig. Gen. Denver put in Command of first Div. Dist. of Memphis Nov. 14th 1862. Many new troops arriving from day to day. 97th & 99th Ind (Ill.?[Hussey's uncertainty, it was Ind.]) Assigned to our Brigade. No Brigade Commander. 72nd in another Brigade. [The 72nd OVI is Col. Buckland's regiment. Buckland was the 48th's brigade commander at Shiloh and the 72nd's. It is here that Buckland and the 48th part company.]
Recd some letters from home and wrote as many answers.
Cyrus Hussey

November 14, 1862

...Moved into Camp Nov. 15, [Lt. Col. Job] Parker's trial in Progress. The prosecution badly worsted. Parker tries to Impeach the Col. [Sullivan]
Raining 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th. Weather warm. Wagons tents diminished.
Cyrus Hussey

November 16, 1862

...by the 16th of November quite a large army was concentrated here, which was formed into divisions. Our Regiment was placed in the 3d Brigade and 3d Division, under orders to be ready to march on the 26th of November, …
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Virgil Moats to wife Elisa

Memphis, Nov. 16
Well Eliza
No letter from you for some time. Your letter that you said you would write two weeks ago today has not come to hand. Maybe you for got it.
I have not much to write only to tell you that we are well as usual. [Corp. James] McFetters [Co. F] is improving some [Corp.] John Johnson [Co. F] is doing very well.
Got a letter from father the other day.
I will write soon as I hear from you. Our things have not yet come. I fear they are on the boat that sunk Wednesday night - The Eugene & may be lost. The letter I got was wet - was on that boat. Write soon & keep me posted. No pay yet poor prospects for it soon.

Write soon.
Yours etc. V. H. M.
Virgil Moats

November 19, 1862

Wednesday 19, 1862
Rolls all signed by Williamson. [Lt. Milt T. Williamson 72nd O.V.I.] Review of 3rd Brigade by Major Sanger. Issued ordinance to Co. D.
Cyrus Hussey

November 20, 1862

Thursday 20th
Mrs. Wilson called upon E. & R[ebecca Hussey?]. Buckland's Brigade Reviewed.
Cyrus Hussey

November 21, 1862

Friday 21st
Took Reg. Rolls to Paymaster Terrell. McDowell's Brigade Reviewed.
Cyrus Hussey

November 22, 1862

Saturday 22nd
Brigade drill. Troops continue to arrive.
Cyrus Hussey

November 22, 1862

….but on the 24th we were ordered on provost duty in the city, to relieve the 46th Ohio.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

November 26, 1862

On the 26th all the troops, except four or five regiments left for Holly Springs, Miss.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Wednesday Nov. 26, 1862
Sherman, with Denver's[,] Smith's & Lauman's Div. Started to join Grant's Army near Holly Springs. 48th left in disgrace on account of its Col. Col. Sullivan in command of Fort & myself Garrison Adj. Garrison consisted of 117th Ill. 120th & 130th Ill, 48th Ohio, 8th Ohio Battery, Detachment Co. H. 1st. Ill. Light Art. & about 2000 Convalescents. Col. calming down but little. Lute [1st. Sergt. Lutellus] Hussey in Co. C. 83rd Ohio [listed in Co. E in the roster]. Dr. Curey [Surgeon of the 48th] Med. Direc. Fort.
Cyrus Hussey

November 29, 1862

We remained [on provost guard duty] in the city [Memphis] until the 29th, when we returned to camp. In the evening Companies A, B and C went on picket-duty, on the Pigeon Roost road, running south from Memphis, and remained two days.
The rebel cotton-burners, who had been at work, destroying all the cotton within the vicinity of Memphis, to keep it from falling into the hands of the Government, caught a drayman of the city, who had been engaged to go beyond the lines, to haul cotton from the neighboring plantations. The cotton was burned, and his mule and dray were confiscated. When he came through the picket-lines he informed us of his loss, when eight of the pickets volunteered to go with him and recapture his property. A barouche passing along was pressed into the service. About two miles out the property was found at an old plantation, and returned to the drayman, who, with many thanks, returned home, a happy man.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

December 5, 1862

Dec. 5th, H. C. Stewart, Quartermaster Serg't, was discharged. He afterward served in the Q. M. Department until the close of the war.
Friday Dec 5, 1862
Relieved at my own request from duty at Fort Hd. Qrs. - reasons-details.
Cyrus Hussey

December 5-10, 1862

From Fri Dec. 5th to Wed. Dec. 10th
Had very pleasant time with my wife - being at leisure nearly all the time. Recd letter from Aunt Mary Jane urging Rebecca to go home. It seems hard that she should have to go when I am now just prepared to spend some time with her. But I must submit - for she thinks duty calls her home and duty comes before pleasure. Capt. Clarke died at 3:00 P.M. 10th Inst. [Capt. Clarke is not on the roll of the 48th OVI, his relation to them is a mystery] Rebecca started north on the Silver Moon at 5:00 P.M. 10th Inst. It was a sad sight to see my dearest earthly treasure carried away from my presence - perhaps forever. God grant to hasten the time of our rejoining. She started in care of Henry C. Stewart, Ex. Qr. Mr. Sergt. Discharged. Capt. Messenger on same boat. [Capt. Messenger is not on the Roster of the 48th OVI] Lute Hussey Quite sick. [1st. Sergt. Lutellus Hussey must have recovered. The Official roster of the 83rd OVI states that he was "Discharged Dec. 28, 1863, to accept commission as 1st Lieut. In 65th Regiment U. S. Colored Infantry; promoted to Captain 119th Regiment U. S. Colored Troops, April 10, 1865, from which mustered out April 27th, 1865."]
Cyrus Hussey

December 11, 1862

Thursday Dec. 11th
Capt. Clarke's remains buried at 10:00 A.M. in the Honors of War by the 48th Ohio Inf. Capt. Frazee [Co. C] commanded the Escort & [Lt.] Tice [Co. I] and Myself were the Subaltems.
Cyrus Hussey

December 12, 1862

Friday Dec. 12th
Officer of Gar. [Garrison]Guard
Weather quite inclement. No trouble with Sentinels. Guard inefficient. Resolutions of respect to the Memory of Capt. Clarke adopted by 48th Officers. Sherman's & Smith's Div. Arrived.
Cyrus Hussey

12th day of December A.D. 1862

[Col. Sullivan] further declares, that he is also suffering from a fall from his horse whilst in the regular line of his duty in said service, at Fort Pickering, Tennessee, on the 12th day of December A.D. 1862; that at the time of said occurrence he was in command of Said Fort and engaged in drilling the regiments then under his command; and, that whilst so engaged, Colonel McKaeige of the 120th Illinois Inf'ty, one of said regiments -riding a Mettlesome Stud horse- approached him for instructions in drill, and when near enough, the horse of said Colonel McKaeige, jumped on to the horse of him (Said Col. Sullivan) and before he (said Sullivan) had time to guard himself, he was then and there violently thrown from his horse, thus causing said injury to his wrist as set forth in said Surgeon's said certificate.

Mare Paddack, Probate Judge
Sept. 16, 1863
[Sworn affidavit in Col. Sullivan's Pension Record]

December 13-14, 1862

Sat & Sun. 13th & 14th Dec.
In camp all the time. Attended Church on the Sabbath. Nothing new. Wrote short letter to My Wife Sat. Night.
Cyrus Hussey

December 15, 1862

Monday Dec. 15th
Sullivan relieved of the Command of the Fort -
Brig. Gen. [Alexander S.] Asboth in Command. Sullivan trying to get leave of absence.
Heavy rains last night[,] to day.
Cyrus Hussey

December 16, 1862

Tuesday Dec. 16th
Got Arms from Shop. Visited Lute Hussey. Commenced Sullivan's Ordinance reqson.[requisition] Small Mail came in - none for me. Sent for McClellan Cap by Sutler. [A McClellan cap is a forage cap or bummer (similar to a kepi but when pulled up, taller). A sutler was a vendor who supplied soldiers with items beyond what was issued to them (for a price).]
Cyrus Hussey

December 17, 1862

Wed. Dec. 17th 1862
Capt. Robbins [Co. A] wrote to Capt. Ernest 6th Ken. Cav. about Jonh. Chance [Co. A]. Expedition preparing to go southward. Large Armament of Fort being removed to take along. Fine clear weather. Col. Sullivan temporarily relieved of his command on account of health on 16th inst. & allowed to take quarters in the city. Smith's Division, Army Tennessee, reviewed in P.M. Commenced a letter to My Wife.
Cyrus Hussey


Orders to Col. P. J. Sullivan for reimbursement during detatchment, 17 May 1863
Don Worth's Collection

December 18, 1862

Thur. 18th 1862
Finished and mailed letter to My Wife. Recd letter from Lt. Williamson [72nd OVI, likely a brigade adjutant] in regard to [Capt. James C.] Kelsey's [Co. E] oc Muster. No word from Home. Rolls signed for pay.
Cyrus Hussey

December 19, 1862

Another expedition was now organized, under Gen. Sherman, for Vicksburg, to proceed by boats down the Mississippi river. As we were not yet assigned to any Division, we had concluded that we would spend Christmas at Memphis, and had written home to that effect. But on the 19th of December Lieut. Col. Parker made a request of Gen. Hurlbut, Commander of the Post, to have the Regiment relieved of garrison duty, so as to join the expedition. Such requests are always granted, and on the following day we were ordered on board the steamer "City of Alton." We were placed in the second brigade, with the 19th Ky., 77th, 97th, 108th and 130th Illinois regiments, commanded by Col. W. J. Landrum [Landram], of the 19th Ky., and in the Division commanded by Gen. A. J. Smith.
The Regiment was in command of Lieut. Col. Parker. Col. Sullivan, who was still suffering from his wound, had been appointed president of a military board, and was left behind. Lieut. Quarterman was also left, with several members of the Regiment, who were unable for duty.
On leaving Camp Dennison for active service, the Regiment had thirteen teams and five ambulances. But now we were only allowed five teams and one ambulance, which was shortly after still further reduced to two teams.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Report of Col. Peter J. Sullivan

This regiment, formerly in the command of Maj. Gen. W. T. Sherman, was attached to Brig. Gen. A. J. Smith's division by special orders, No. 21, from Maj. Gen. S. A. Hurlbut, dated Fort Pickering, Tenn., December 19, 1862, and by him assigned to second Brigade, commanded by Col. W. J. Landram.
About this time, consequent on wounds received in the battle of Shiloh, and a sever fall from my horse near Memphis, fracturing my right arm and wrist, while I was in command of Fort Pickering, Tenn., I was placed on dispatched service by a subsequent order (No. 25) from Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant, dated January 25, 1863; consequently the command devolved on Lieut. Col. Job R. Parker.
Peter J. Sullivan (OR 8/4/63)

Friday 19th 1862
Recd Orders in the evening assigning us to 2nd Brig. 1st Div. Right Wing, Army of the Tennessee. & to prepare to embark immediately. Recd letter from Isaac dated 11th inst.
Cyrus Hussey

December 20, 1862

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

Since writing the above the Gen. [Alexander S. Asboth] has pressed Gen. [Stephen A.] Hurlbut [, commander of the Fort Pickering garrison] to have me remain with him but they won't allow it so I will have to go. Gen Asboth is wrathy about me having to leave him, & I don't like it very well myself. [Virgil Moats military record from the National Archives states that he was Garrison Adjutant of Ft. Pickering from December 5-20, 1862] I may get another good place. The boys were very much opposed to my remaining behind. I have to write in spells. Must stop a while.
Virgil Moats 12/20/62

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

… Our coming away from Memphis was rather against our feelings. Nearly all were opposd. to it & we blame our Lt. Col. [Parker] for it. Col. Sullivan is not on duty on account of his arm and did not come with us. Lt. Col. Parker got us started & all are down on him for it, he was very keen to get us started & will be the first to start back when danger threatens. We were so well fixed at Memphis, indeed no soldier could have asked for better treatment, it was as near home in comfort as we could have expected & besides that our communications with home was very good & that is no small matter to me. All say better let good enough alone & hope Parker will get his satisfaction before he gets through. I would hate to have the curses he gets for coaxing Gen. Hurlbut to allow him to trade with another regt., it taking our place in the fort that we might hold until spring…
…Now for something else. I met with bad luck Friday night in going from Headquarters to the Co. I was somewhat out of humor at hearing of our moving & not paying much attention to where I was going, stepped on a snag and tore the right leg of my new breeches very bad, almost spoiling them, but I guess I can get them fixed so as to do pretty well. You had better believe it made me mad & had I been in the habit of swearing might have cussed Parker a little, but you know your old boy V. never does such things, & ain't you glad of that. War with all its vices don't cause me to swear. Who would not have got mad at leaving such a good place as we all had & such a place as mine was in particular, even the old General Asboth was mad about it. I could have remained with him all winter had our regt. Stayed.
Virgil Moats 12/22/62

Saturday 20th
Spent in preparation. Got my Miniature repaired but did not succeed in getting it to Eliza ions[?]. Started on Forest Queen. At 5:00 P.M. Paid off a little after 12:00 midnight. Went on Steamboat City of Alton - at 5:00 P. M. Col. Landram, 19th Kentucky, commanding Brigade. Hd. Qrs. In City of Alton.
Cyrus Hussey

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

Hd. Quarters Fort Pickering [Memphis]
Dec. 20th 1862
Dear Eliza
I write you a few lines to let you know that I am well & expect to leave here by tomorrow. By some unaccountable reason we have been ordered off. We go down the River. I will have to draw pay & send it today by express, also send my trunk and cot. I hate very much to leave my good position but such is the fate of war. All uncertainty. You will keep the money until you hear from me again which will be soon and often. I may write more before I leave. Do not be uneasy about me. I will try & take care of myself. Trust in God and all will be well…
I will mail this No money yet. Will probably be paid before we leave. I sent my trunk, my Shiloh blouse. Take good care of it & in vest pocket find a nice watch for yourself. Had no time nor money to get picture. Will write soon.
Good Bye V. H. M.
Virgil Moats 12/20/62

Report of Col. Peter J. Sullivan

On the 20th of December, 1862, in pursuance of orders, this regiment, numbering 379 enlisted men and 23 commissioned officers for duty, under command of said Lieut. Col. Parker, embarked on board a transport at Fort Pickering, Tenn., and accompanied the expidition down the Mississippi River, under the command of Major General. W. T. Sherman.
Peter J. Sullivan (OR 8/4/63)

December 21, 1862

During Saturday the troops embarked on the boats. That night they were paid two months' pay, and on Sunday, Dec. 21st, 1862, the Division left at 2 P. M. Memphis, where we had spent the last five months, was soon lost to view. The boat ran until 1 o'clock that night, then tied up at Friar's Point, twelve miles below Helena, Ark. Here the fleet of forty-five transports, loaded with troops, and several gun-boats, joined us.
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880

Sunday 21st
Sent $50.00 & Breast pin by Lt. [William A.] Quarterman [Co. C] and at 3:00 A.M. to express to my wife. Our Division started about 2:00 P.M. down the River. The 108 Ill. & our Regt. On same boat.
Sent short letter to My Wife with money. Church twice on boat. Moored at Friar's Point 12 Mid[night].
Cyrus Hussey

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

…about two o'clock our fleet composed of about 50 boats all loaded with soldiers with the addition of about 20 gunboats & mortars left Memphis for, well, I don't know where, probably Vicksburg, maybe Yazoo River. We passed Helena [Ark.] about 10 miles and laid up for the night-…

December 22, 1862

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

… that was not all of my bad luck. We got our pay after we got on the boat Saturday night about 2.0 o'clock and of course I had to break a little piece off the Sabbath in going up town to send my money, and while there I thought best to get a picture & send it as you requested. So I got it and went to the express office to send it and on coming out of the door slipped and fell getting all mud, hurting my back and nearly breaking my arm. I really don't know whether it was just bad luck or for breaking the sabbath, but at any rate I was out of humor & at the time would not have cared much if I had broken a bone then I could have stayed behind, and gone home. Now I hope that you will think none the less of the picture, because it was taken on that day nor none the less of the original for having it done, as that was the best I could do & I know you & the boys wanted the picture no difference when taken, & I expect would like to see the old chap himself even with a broken arm. The cost was $5 and ain't that high?…
Virgil Moats 12/22/62

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

… that was not all of my bad luck. We got our pay after we got on the boat Saturday night about 2.0 o'clock and of course I had to break a little piece off the Sabbath in going up town to send my money, and while there I thought best to get a picture & send it as you requested. So I got it and went to the express office to send it and on coming out of the door slipped and fell getting all mud, hurting my back and nearly breaking my arm. I really don't know whether it was just bad luck or for breaking the sabbath, but at any rate I was out of humor & at the time would not have cared much if I had broken a bone then I could have stayed behind, and gone home. Now I hope that you will think none the less of the picture, because it was taken on that day nor none the less of the original for having it done, as that was the best I could do & I know you & the boys wanted the picture no difference when taken, & I expect would like to see the old chap himself even with a broken arm. The cost was $5 and ain't that high?…
Virgil Moats 12/22/62

The whole fleet left on the following morning [12/22/1862], stopping at sundown, twenty-five miles above Napoleon, Ark. -
John A. Bering & Thomas Montgomery, 1880…

Monday, 22nd
Houses burnt at point. Started down River at 12. M. Moved just below mouth of White River on the Ark. Shore at dusk. Clerked for Stewart's tral. Sent out Pickets.
Cyrus Hussey

Virgil Moats to wife Eliza

…started this morning about 10 & are now making fine headway down the Mississippi. We are having a fine trip & I hope a successful one without danger, but you know war is always attended with danger. What we are going for I can't tell but expect to make Vicksburg…
…We left behind on account of sore eyes principally, [Harman] Hockman, [Corp. James] McFetters, [Michael] Carroll & [Serg. John Roth?] Rath, Geo. Hopkins to be discharged and [William] Edwards to take care of sick of the regt. I wanted [Corp.] John Johnson to stay behind but he would not since he was bound to go along, he is getting along very well and fleshing up, none are sick. [Sore eyes or "pterygium" seems to have been a common problem suffered by the soldiers in the 48th. The Official Roster shows that Hochman (1/7/63), McFetters (12/6/1862), Hopkins (1/26/63) and Edwards (1/26/63) were discharged for disability on the date indicated after each soldier's name. Carroll and Roth (Rath) recovered and served with the 48th throughout the war. The men listed were all from Co. F.]
We are to send our trunks and things home being unable to carry anything but a satchel. My old trunk & things are hardly worth sending but I think so much of them that I could not bear to throw them away & besides my blankets and other things I could not cary were too good to throw away, on the whole we will not loose much by sending them home. My blouse that I wore at Shiloh take good care of & the watch get a crystal & key for & have foe your self, it is a good one & with a nice chain will be pretty for a lady to carry. Maybe you will say that you are not a lady. Any good woman is a lady and no other, fine cloths don't always make the real lady, do you think so? It is getting dark in my room. I must stop until after supper & then write more. The boat shakes so bad that I can hardly write, hope you can read it However.
Virgil Moats 12/22/62


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December 23, 1863 - January 4, 1863
Chickasaw Bayou


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